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Sample Certificate


Certified Corporate Finance Analyst

Indian : Rs.4129
International : $70

Vskills certification for Corporate Finance Analyst assesses the candidate as per the company’s need for finance management and provisioning. The certification tests the candidates on various areas in financial statements analysis, bonds and stocks valuation, NPV, risk statistics, capital asset pricing model, capital budgeting, long-term financing, capital budgeting, dividends, issuing securities and long-term debt.


This certification is intended for professionals and graduates wanting to excel in their chosen areas. It is also well suited for those who are already working and would like to take certification for further career progression. Earning Vskills Corporate Finance Analyst Certification can help candidate differentiate in today’s competitive job market, broaden their employment opportunities by displaying their advanced skills, and result in higher earning potential.


Job seekers looking to find employment in accounts or finance departments of various companies, students generally wanting to improve their skill set and make their CV stronger and existing employees looking for a better role can prove their employers the value of their skills through this certification.


Corporate Finance Analysts are in great demand. Companies specializing in finance are constantly hiring skilled Corporate Finance Analyst. Various public and private companies also need Corporate Finance Analysts for their accounts or finance departments.


Generational forms of Business

  • Forms of Business Organization
  • Proprietary Concerns
  • Joint Stock Companies
  • Market Value and Stock Prices versus Book Value
  • Co- Operative Organizations
  • Public Enterprises
  • Comparison among Different Forms of Organisations

?Organization Chart & Finance Function

  • Fictional Organization
  • Product / Market Organization
  • Line and Staff functions/Relationship/ Authority
  • Functional and Line Authority
  • Non-recurring Finance Functions

Finance Function-Organization, Objectives & Decisions

  • Corporate Finance
  • Corporate Finance & Other Functions
  • Organization of the Finance Function
  • Objectives Financial Management
  • Profit Maximization
  • Wealth Maximization

Financial Statements, Analysis and Information

  • Balance Sheet
  • Profit and Loss Account
  • Financial Statements-Analysis & Interpretation
  • Comparatives Financial Statements
  • Common Size Statements
  • Projected Balance Sheet
  • Statement of Changes in Financial Position(SCPP)
  • Funds Form Business Operations
  • Statement of Changes in Total Resources

Cash Flow Statement

  • Type of Cash Flow
  • Actual Flow of Cash:
  • Notional Cash Flow:
  • Notional outflow of cash
  • Source of Cash Inflow
  • Net Profit Method
  • Outflow of Cash
  • Changes in Current Accounts
  • Change in Current Liabilities

Corporate Income Tax

  • Personal Taxation and its Influence on Firm
  • Deductibility of Expense
  • Set-Off and Carry forward of Losses

Time Value of Money

  • Simple interest
  • Future Value at Simple Interest
  • Present Value
  • Compound Interest
  • For Series of Payments
  • Future or Compound Value
  • Present (or Discounted) Value
  • Multi-period or Semi-annual and other compounding
  • Net Present Value
  • Internal Rate of Return
  • Mathematical Derivation of Formula for Future/Compound Value of Annuity

The Financial Securities

  • Equity Shares
  • Features of Equity Shares
  • Advantage of Equity shares
  • Disadvantages of Equity Share
  • Preference share
  • Feature of Preference share
  • Types of Preference Shares
  • Advantage or Merits of Preference Share
  • Disadvantages of Preference shares
  • Debt Securities-Debentures or Bonds
  • Features of Debentures or Bonds
  • Types of Debentures
  • Advantage of Debentures
  • Disadvantages of Debentures
  • Treasury Bills (T-Bills)

The Financial MarketsFunctions of Financial Markets

  • Classification of Financial Markets
  • Methods of Floatation
  • Indian Capital Market Participants
  • Scenario of Indian Capital Market
  • Transaction cost in Capital Market

International Financial Markets

  • International Financial System and Foreign Exchange Market
  • Market Features of International Markets
  • Euro Currency Market
  • Functions of Eurocurrency Market
  • Eurobond Market
  • Brief Procedure in Eurobonds Issues

Financial Institutions

  • Activities of UTI includes
  • UTI has more than schemes
  • Industrial Development Bank of India(IDBI)
  • Major schemes of IDBI are
  • Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI)
  • Sources of Funds
  • Industrial Finance Corporation of India (IFCI)
  • Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India (IRBI)
  • Industrial Investment Bank of India (IIBI)
  • Insurance Companies
  • General Insurance Corporation (GIC)
  • Stock Holding Corporation of Indian Ltd(SHCIL)
  • Credit Rating and Information Services of India Ltd (CRISIL)
  • CRSIL, Rating and Investor Protection
  • Information and Credit Rating Agency (ICRA)
  • Factors Considered
  • Ratings
  • Duff and Phelps

Interest Rates

  • Role of Interest Rates
  • Interest Rates and Share Prices
  • Factors Influencing Interest Rates
  • Rates in Gilt –edged Market
  • Private and Government Bond Rates
  • Rates of Borrowings and Leading by Commercial Bank
  • Interest Rates on Small saving
  • Export Credit

Basic Valuation Model

  • Bond Valuation
  • Debenture Valuation
  • Valuation of Preference Shares
  • Stock Valuation
  • Single Period Valuation Model
  • Multi-period Valuation Model
  • Zero Growth Model
  • Constant Growth Model
  • Stock Valuation: The P/E Ratio Approach
  • Market Efficiency


  • Systematic or Non Diversifiable Risk
  • Unsystematic or Diversifiable Risk
  • Measures of Risk
  • Criticism of Variance as Measure of Risk
  • Rationale for Standard Deviation
  • Rate of Return
  • Probability Distribution
  • Standard Deviation of Return
  • Continuous Probability Distributions
  • Risk Return Relationship
  • Diversification and Risk
  • Measurement of Portfolio Risk
  • Benefits of Diversification
  • Beta
  • Calculation of Beta
  • Using Beta to Estimate Return
  • Security Market Line

Investment Decision Rules

  • Category of Investment Decision Rules
  • Accounting Income-based Decision Rule
  • Return on Capital
  • Return on Equity
  • Cash Flow-based Decision Rule
  • Decision rule

Cash FLow

  • Definition
  • Need for Cash Flow Statement
  • Discount Rates
  • Estimation of Cash Flow
  • Depreciation & Taxes
  • Components of Cash Flow
  • Initial investment
  • Annual Net Cash Flows
  • Terminal Cash Flows

Incremental Analysis

  • Allocated Overheads
  • Opportunity Costs
  • Incidental Effects
  • Sunk Costs

Break-Even Analysis

  • Variable Costs
  • Fixed cost
  • Send-variable Cost
  • Contribution Margin
  • Definition
  • Strategies for Break-even Point
  • Utility of the Break-even Analysis
  • Shortcomings of the Break-even Analysis
  • Conclusion

Project Proposals

  • Project Proposal Stage
  • Role of Project Manager
  • Roles of Quality Assurance Analyst
  • Tasks during Project Proposal Stage
  • Change Management

Investment Decisions

  • What are Capital Investment Decisions?
  • Why is Capital Investment Decisions Important ?
  • Growth
  • Risk
  • Types of Capital Investment Decisions
  • Expansion and Diversification
  • Replacement and Modernization
  • Contingent Investments are Dependent Projects
  • Capital Investment Evaluation Criteria

Capital Budgeting Techniques - NPV

  • Capital
  • Budgeting
  • Net present Value (NPV) Method
  • Why NPV is Important?
  • Acceptance Rules
  • Evaluation of the NPV Method

Capital Budgeting Techniques-IRR

  • Internal Rate of Return Method
  • Uneven Cash Flows: Calculating IRR by Trial and Error
  • Level Cash Flows
  • NPV Profile and IRR
  • Acceptance Rule
  • Evaluation of IRR Method

Capital Budgeting Techniques - Other Methods

  • Profitability Index or Benefit-cost Ratio
  • Evaluation of PI Method
  • Payback Method
  • Acceptance Rule
  • Evaluation of Payback
  • Limitation
  • Discounted Payback Period
  • Accounting Rate of Return Method
  • Acceptance Rule

Financial Structure - Capital

  • Financing Decision
  • Financial Structure
  • Types of Capital
  • Equity Capital
  • Preference Capital
  • Debenture Capital
  • Fully Convertible Debentures (FCDs)
  • Partly Convertible Dentures (PCDs)
  • Secured Premium Notes (SPNs)
  • Factor Effecting Financial Structure
  • Financial Structure
  • Product Market & its Effect
  • Labour Market & its Impact
  • Creditors
  • Capital Creditor
  • Operational Creditors
  • Agency Costs
  • Pre-Implementation

Financial Distress - Remedial Options

  • Financial Distress
  • Reorganization
  • Merger
  • Acquisition
  • The Basics of Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Takeover
  • Hostile Takeover
  • The Wacky World of M& A
  • Golden Parachute
  • Macaroni Defense
  • Sandbag
  • Busted Takeover
  • Debt Reckoning

Corporate Restructuring Options

  • Divestitures
  • IPO Roll-Ups
  • Going-Private Transactions
  • Alternatives to the Corporate Form
  • Lessons from then History of the Market for Corporate Control
  • The S: Synergistic Mergers
  • Increasing Market Power
  • Economics of Scale
  • Exploiting an Expertise (Economies of Scope)
  • Vertical Integration
  • The Mid-s: The Era of Strategic Mergers and Acquisitions
  • The Twenty-First Century
  • Making Merges Successful
  • Upon Completion

Cost of Debt

  • Concept of the Cost Capital
  • Investment Evaluation
  • Designing Debt Policy
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Determining Component Cost of Capital
  • Cost of Debt
  • Debt Issued at Per
  • Debt Issued at Discount or Premium
  • Cost of Term Loans

Cost of Capital

  • Cost of Preference Capital
  • Irredeemable Preference Share
  • Redeemable preference shares
  • Cost of Equity Capital
  • Is Equity Capital Free of Cost
  • Cost of Retained Earning
  • Zero-growth
  • Cost of External Equity
  • Realized Yield Approach
  • Capital Assets Pricing Model Approach
  • Bond Yield plus Premium Approach
  • Weighted Average Cost of Capital
  • Weight Marginal Cost of Capital
  • Book-Value Vs, Market-Value Weights

Financial Leverage

  • Leverage
  • Measure of Leverage
  • Application and Utility of the Financial Leverage
  • Impact of Financial Leverage on Investor’s Rate of Return
  • Financial Leverage and Risk
  • Financial Leverage-Effect on the Shareholders’ Return
  • EBIT-EPS Analysis

Dividend Policy

  • Do Dividends Affect the Value of Share?
  • What does Dividend Decision Involve?
  • Is It a Long-Term Financing Decision?
  • Is It a Wealth Maximization Decision?
  • Dividend Decision: Practical Considerations
  • Shareholders’ Expectations
  • Closely-held Companies
  • Small Shareholders
  • Retired and Old Persons
  • Wealthy investors
  • Institutional investors
  • Constraints on Paying Dividends
  • Legal Restrictions
  • Liquidity
  • Financial Condition
  • Access to the Capital Market
  • Restriction in Lone Agreements
  • Control
  • Investment Opportunities
  • Inflation
  • Stability of Dividends
  • Constant Payout
  • Small Constant Dividend per Share Plus Extra Dividend
  • Resolution of Investors’ Uncertainty
  • Investors’ Desire for Currents Income
  • Institutional Investors’ Requirements
  • Danger of Stability of Dividends

Forms of Dividend

  • Cash Dividends
  • Bonus Shares
  • Advantages of Bonus Shares
  • Tax Benefit
  • Indication of Higher Future Profits
  • Future Divided may Increase
  • Psychological Value
  • Conservation of Cash
  • More Attractive Share Price
  • Limitations of Bonus Shares
  • Share Splits
  • Bonus Share Vs Share Split
  • Indication of Higher Future Profit
  • Increased Dividend
  • Reverse Split

Dividend Model & Its Decisions

  • Dividend Decision
  • Traditional Position
  • Limitations
  • Walter Model
  • Assumptions
  • Gordon’s Dividend Capitalization Model
  • Miller & Modigliani Position
  • Symbolically the Model is given as
  • Critical Analysis of the Assumptions
  • Rational Expectations Model

Financial Ratios

  • Meaning of Ratio
  • Types / Classification of Ratios
  • Liquidity Ratios
  • Activity Efficiency or Turnover Ratio
  • Profitability in relation to Sales

Working Capital Management

  • Components of Working Capital
  • Constituents of Current Liabilities
  • Significance of Working Capital
  • Level of Current Assets
  • Integrated Working Capital Policy
  • Current Asset Policy
  • Sources for Financing Working Capital
  • Shares and Debentures
  • Ploughing Back of Profits
  • Loans form Financial Institutions
  • Sources of Short term Working Capital (Temporary or Variable)
  • Installment Credit
  • Factoring or Accounts Receivable Credit
  • Accrued Expenses
  • Deferred Incomes
  • Commercial Paper

Bank Credit

  • Loans
  • Cash credit
  • Overdraft
  • Purchasing and Discounting of Bills
  • Basic Principles of Bank Financing-Cs
  • Tandon Committee Report
  • Computation of Maximum Permissible Bank Finance (MPBF):
  • Chore Committee Report
  • Credit Authorization Scheme
  • CAS Form of Application
Frequently Asked Questions

What is Vskills?

VSkills is a “skills testing” and certification exam conducted by - ICSIL, A Govt of India Undertaking and Govt of NCT Delhi Company. Vskills is a testing and certification programme focused on prior learning. Through Vskills Assessments, individuals with learning acquired outside of a formal classroom setting have the opportunity to get certified by appearing in standardized exams conducted throughout the nation at proctored centres.

What is Vskills Certification?

Vskills Certification is a professional skill test that is conducted to assure that a person is qualified to perform a job. It is a proof that the candidate has the requisite skills to do a job.

What are the benefits that I will get by taking Vskills Certification Exam?

Some of the benefits that you get on taking Vskills Certification exam are listed below,-

- Develop skills that are valued by experts in the industry
- Vskills Certifications opens avenue for candidates in various sectors
- Vskills Certification provides an opportunity to get certified in areas where you are not formally educated
- Vskills Certification enhances the chances of employment
- CVs of certified candidates are flagged on Monster India website as “Vskills Certified candidates” to employers.
- CVs of certified candidates are also tagged on website as “Vskills Certified candidates” to employers.
- CVs of all Vskills Certified candidates is shared with relevant employers for employment - Vskills Certified candidates are a part of the Job Centre for Life
- Vskills provides supplementary preparation material (hard copy or online videos) to candidate for easing the process of preparation.
- Vskills assessment exams are structured and regularly updated according to the industry standards
- Vskills Certifications do not require any time commitment since it is only a test and not classroom teaching.

What is the duration of the course?

There is NO course duration for all certification exam. Exams are conducted on monthly basis and candidate has the flexibility to select the exam date from Exam Calender as per their per feasibility. Student can give the exam any time between 1 year from the date of enrollment.

What is the eligibility for registration?

There is no minimum qualification for taking up Vskills Certification Exam, so it is for everyone – from day to day users to senior management, say - Employees - Employers - Students - Teachers - Businessmen and Entrepreneurs - Housewives/Retired Professionals, etc

What is the duration of the exam?

Vskills Certification Exam is for one hour (1 hour) duration.

What type of questions are asked in the exam?

Vskills Certification Exam has 50 multiple choice questions (1 marks each), with no negative marking.

What is the passing percentage?

Passing percentage is 50% i.e., 25 marks need to be scored in order to clear the exam.

When is the the exam conducted?

Vskills Certification Exams are conducted on monthly basis and candidate has the flexibility to select the exam date from Exam Calender as per their per feasibility.

How many attempts can I give for a certification exam?

One exam attempt per registration with no limit on re-appearance.

Can I reschedule the exam?

Yes, candidate can re-shedule the exam till the date of exam after paying the re-schedule fees.

If I fail, what is the procedure to be followed for reappearing in the exam?

In case a candidate is unable to clear the exam then, candidate can register for exam retake by paying for registration fees of Rs. 1250/- but no reading material is sent.

Does the exam is available only in India?

Candidates residing outside India can register for specific certifications as listed under the international students by appearing in online open book exam.

Can I take two or more certification exams at one time?

Yes, candidate can take two or more exams at one time.

How tough will be the paper?

The certification exam is meant to assess the ability of the student in the particular domain and checks entry level to medium level skills in that particular domain. If you know the domain area, and have studied the accompanying material well, you will have no difficulty in passing the exam.

Do you provide any sample questions?

Practice tests are provided under every certification.

What is the duration of the certification?

There is no minimum duration of certification. You may register when you want; we suggest that minimum 30 days should be kept to go over the material provided at the time of registration.

Is the exam available for international candidates?

Yes, candidates residing outside India can follow the process for international students.

What kind of placement support is provided?

Vskills provides placement support to certified candidates as - CVs of certified candidates are flagged on Monster India website as “Vskills Certified candidates” to employers. - CVs of certified candidates are also tagged on website as “Vskills Certified candidates” to employers. - CVs of all Vskills Certified candidates is shared with relevant employers for employment - Vskills Certified candidates are a part of the Job Centre for Life

In case I am unable to take the exam will my fees be refunded?

As a policy under no circumstances will the fees be refunded to the candidate after registration, unless there is a situation that is unavoidable.

When is the result declared?

Result indicating pass or fail is told to candidate after finishing of the exam. Hard copy certificate and performance report is sent to candidates who had cleared the exam. Soft copy certificate is also e-mailed.

Is the material provided by you sufficient from exam point of view or should I refer other sources?

The study material provided by Vskills is a guideline for your exam, but you can refer to other sources for further clarity on any topic.

Are there any classes provided by you to prepare for the exam?

Vskills does not offer classes for any certification exam. The candidates have to prepare on its own for the exam. NO CLASSES are provided by Vskills.

Do you charge extra for placement assistance?

There are no charges apart from the registration fees or exam re-take in case candidate is unable to clear the certification exam.


V skills

VSkills is a “skills testing” and certification exam conducted by - ICSIL, A Govt of India Undertaking and Govt of NCT Delhi Company. It is one of the largest manpower companies of the government of NCT Delhi. VSkills certifications help candidates quantify and prove their skills in a particular domain - skills that are valued by the employer and are in great demand. Your Vskills Certificate is a proof that you have the requisite knowledge and makes you job ready - which is why employers rate VSkills certifications and look for people who have them.

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